Topical treatments are commonly used as a first-line approach for treating viral warts. These include over-the-counter medications containing salicylic acid or other keratolytic agents, which work by softening and breaking down the wart tissue. Prescription-strength topical treatments may also be prescribed by a dermatologist.
Cryotherapy, which involves freezing the warts with liquid nitrogen, is another commonly used treatment method. This freezing process causes the wart tissue to die and fall off over time. Other procedures, such as electrocautery, laser therapy, or surgical removal, may be recommended for larger or more resistant warts.
In some cases, immune-modulating medications, such as imiquimod or cantharidin, may be used to stimulate the body’s immune response and help eliminate the warts.
Proper hygiene practices, such as keeping the affected area clean and dry, avoiding scratching or picking at the warts, and not sharing personal items, can help prevent the spread of viral warts to other areas of the body or to other individuals.
Regular follow-ups with a dermatologist are important to monitor progress, adjust treatment plans if necessary, and address any concerns or complications. It’s worth noting that viral warts can sometimes recur even after successful treatment, so ongoing management and preventive measures are essential.
If you have located a suspicious lesion on the skin, especially if it is unusual, new or recently changed, contact a dermatologist as soon as possible in order to diagnose the lesion and decide on further treatment.
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