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Retinoic acid receptor agonist as monotherapy for early-stage mycosis fungoides: does it work?

Iris Amitay-Laish 1 2Ofer Reiter 1 2Hadas Prag-Naveh 1Ruben Kershenovich 1Emmilia Hodak 1 2 Affiliations expand
  • PMID: 29889596


Background: Retinoids exert their biologic effects by binding to intracellular retinoic-acid receptors (RARs) and/or retinoid X receptors (RXRs). Early-stage mycosis fungoides (MF) has been effectively treated with bexarotene, an RXR-agonist, with overall response (OR) rates 54-67% and complete response (CR) rates 7-27%. Data on RAR-agonist monotherapy are limited. Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of RAR-agonist monotherapy for early-stage MF. Methods: Data on patients with early-stage MF treated with acitretin/isotretinoin monotherapy at a tertiary cutaneous lymphoma clinic in 2010-2017 were collected retrospectively from the medical files. Results: Thirty-five patients (26 males) of median age 50 years (range 8-83) with early-stage MF (IA 9, IB 26) underwent 37 treatment events: 25 acitretin and 12 isotretinoin at a median dosages of 0.3 mg/kg (range 0.2-0.9) and 0.2 mg/kg (range 0.1-0.7), respectively. Median time to maximal response was 6 months for both (range 1-10 for acitretin, 3-16 for isotretinoin); median treatment duration was 10 months (range 3-46) for acitretin, and 9 months (range 3-55) for isotretinoin. OR was 64% for acitretin and 80% for isotretinoin, and CR, 4% and 8%, respectively. Side-effect profiles were as previously reported for retinoids. Conclusions: Early-stage MF patients may benefit from low dose RAR-agonist monotherapy, although the CR rate is low. Keywords: Acitretin; RAR; early-stage mycosis fungoides; isotretinoin; retinoic acid receptor; retinoids.
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